What is a Total Knee Replacement?
Total knee replacement is a procedure that removes damaged knee bone and cartilage and replaces it with metal and plastic components. The procedure is one of the most well-known and most effective in orthopedic surgery because it dramatically improves knee pain and quality of life. The goal of this procedure is to use implants to mimic the function of a healthy knee as well as relieve pain and increase the range of motion in the knee.
After the patient is completely asleep and properly positioned, the following steps are performed:
- Incision and joint exposure. An incision is made below, around, and above the patella (knee cap). Muscles and soft tissues are retracted.
- Implant preparation. Damaged bone and cartilage are carefully removed. Trial implants are tried until the perfect size is found.
- Implants. Perfectly sized implants are placed and cemented over precisely trimmed knee bones.
The incision is carefully closed to prevent infection and ensure proper healing. Total procedure time is usually 1 ½ – 2 hours. The patient is brought to a private hospital room after the procedure.
Physical Therapy is started as soon as possible with one of OPA’s Physical Therapists and continues throughout recovery to help the patient recover and regain strength, flexibility, and function. Pain and other symptoms quickly go away and quality of life improves as strength, flexibility, and function are gained.
At Orthopedic Physicians Alaska (OPA) our Board Certified and Fellowship Trained Orthopedic Specialists are experts in total knee replacement procedures. OPA’s specialists have helped thousands of patients return to an active and pain-free life using total knee replacement procedures.
What does a Total Knee Replacement Treat?
Osteoarthritis is a chronic condition that destroys knee bone and cartilage. A total knee replacement may be recommended to treat severe osteoarthritis, rheumatoid arthritis, and post-traumatic arthritis that does not respond to nonsurgical treatment. Symptoms that patients should be aware of are:
Patients who experience symptoms are encouraged to make an appointment one of Orthopedic Physicians Alaska Knee Specialists as soon as possible.
OPA Joint Replacement Team
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To provide the finest orthopedic surgery and musculoskeletal care in North America, offering general and specialized adult care to all Alaskans and visitors.